“A modern state needs a digital and effective administration.” The SPD parliamentary group emphasizes this in a 6-point plan entitled “More speed for cohesion and future”, which the members of parliament decided on Thursday at a closed conference. “Everything has to be digital,” the paper says. What is needed is “complete digitization of planning and approval procedures” – and more data storage.
Digitization is not enough, complex processes also have to be simplified. The online access law (OZG) “must be further developed in an ambitious manner,” the parliamentary group demands. Mandatory standards and interfaces should help to implement the “one-for-all principle” more effectively. This states that a federal state or an alliance of several countries develops and operates a service centrally – and then makes it available to others for “reuse”.
Actually, the OZG should have 575 e-government offers online by the end of 2022. So far there have only been 33. The Federal Ministry of the Interior is therefore working on an OZG 2.0.
Data from citizens and companies should not be collected again and again, the Social Democrats also advocate the “once only” principle. To this end, the controversial register modernization for networked databases of public administration must be pushed ahead quickly. The participation of the public in planning and approval procedures should also take place digitally on a permanent basis. In general, the goal is to achieve the same speed in the approval of liquid gas terminals (LNG) with accelerated procedures as far as possible for other infrastructure projects.
SPD and CSU for new broadband funding
The parliamentary group puts pressure on the Federal Ministry for Digital Affairs and Transport (BMDV) to present a new version as quickly as possible after the previous funding for broadband expansion and the associated application freeze have expired. The CSU has also called for broadband funding to be ramped up again quickly.
The comrades want to do without the initially planned and, above all, binding potential analysis required by network operators to explore the actual fiber optic demand. The SPD also welcomes the fact that the threshold under European law for public funding projects in “gray areas” has largely fallen since January and wants to do without them altogether.
Approval procedures could be accelerated by model contracts for municipalities and funding guides used by the project sponsor. The Social Democrats support “faster alternative laying techniques” for fiber optic cables such as trenching based on the new DIN standard. In order to strengthen acceptance, it makes sense to set up a security fund that protects municipalities from liability gaps.
Mobile antennas without building permit procedures
When it comes to the expansion of mobile communications, the SPD advocates “to simplify and speed up the process of erecting mobile antenna systems for 24 months without the need for a building permit”. It also supports the “expansion of the construction heights of mobile phone masts that do not require approval”.
The IT association Bitkom praises the fact that the so-called approval fiction would drive the expansion and relieve the authorities. With this approach, automatic approval for the construction of a site is granted after a period of 3 months, which can then be subsequently changed by the authorities in case of doubt.
Solar roof obligation and hydrogen
“Much faster expansion of renewable energies than before and a move away from fossil fuels as quickly as possible” are further demands of the SPD deputies. The wind-on-shore law and other laws would have to be tightened in this sense. Additional areas and shorter deadlines are necessary.
Photovoltaic systems (PV) should become standard in new buildings. “We want to implement the solar roof obligation for new commercial buildings provided for in the coalition agreement in federal law in 2023”, the parliamentary group states, “We need the greatest possible self-consumption through the interaction of roof PV, heat pump and electric vehicle” in order to relieve the electricity grids. Subsidies and fewer bureaucratic hurdles should also help here. In addition, the hydrogen infrastructure must be massively expanded.